Classification of valves

There are many types of valves. With the continuous improvement of the process and performance of various complete sets of equipment, the types of valves are still increasing, but in general they can be divided into the following categories:


Classified by purpose and function

Cut-off valves: Mainly used to cut off or connect the flow of media. Gate valves, globe valves, diaphragm valves, ball valves, plug valves, butterfly valves, plunger valves, ball plug valves, needle-type instrument valves, etc.

Regulating valves: Mainly used to adjust the flow and pressure of the medium. Regulating valves, throttle valves, and pressure reducing valves

Check valves: check valves with various structures to prevent the medium from flowing back

Shunt valves: used to separate, distribute or mix media, various structures of distribution valves and traps, etc.

Safety valves: used for safety protection when the medium is overpressured. Various types of safety valves


Classified by pressure

Vacuum valve: a valve whose working pressure is lower than the standard atmospheric pressure

Low pressure valve: valve with nominal pressure PN<1.6MPa

Medium pressure valve: valve with nominal pressure PN2.5-6.4MPa

High pressure valve: a valve with a nominal pressure of PN10.0-80.0MPa

Ultra-high pressure valve: Valve with nominal pressure PN>100MPa


Classified by medium temperature

High temperature valve: >450-valve

Medium temperature valve: 120-450-valve

Normal temperature valve: -40-120-valve

Cryogenic valve: -100-40-valve

Ultra-low temperature valve: <-100-valve


Classified by valve body material

Non-metallic materials valves: such as ceramic valves, glass steel valves, plastic valves

Metal material valves: such as copper alloy valves, aluminum alloy valves, lead alloy valves, titanium alloy valves, Monel alloy valves, cast iron valves, carbon steel valves, cast steel valves, low alloy steel valves, high alloy steel valves, stainless steel valves

Metal valve body lining valves: such as lead-lined valves, plastic-lined valves, and enamel-lined valves


Classified by nominal diameter

Small diameter valve: DN≤40mm valve

Medium diameter valve: DN50-300mm valve

Large diameter valve: DN350-1200mm valve

Extra large diameter valve: DN≥1400mm valve


Classified according to the way it is connected to the pipeline

Flange connection valve (Flange): There is a flange on the valve body, which is connected to the pipeline by flange

Threading valve (Threading): The valve body has internal or external threads and is connected to the pipeline by threading

Welding connection valve (Welding): The valve body is equipped with welds and grooves, and is welded to the pipeline.

Clamp to connect the valve, (wafer): There is a clamp on the valve body, which is connected with the pipe by a clamp

Card sleeve connection valve: adopt a card sleeve connection with the pipeline


Classified by general classification

This classification method is divided according to principle, function and structure, and is currently the most commonly used international and domestic classification method.

General gate valve, globe valve, throttle valve, instrument valve, plunger valve, diaphragm valve, plug valve, ball valve, butterfly valve, check valve, pressure relief valve, safety valve, trap, regulating valve, foot valve, filter, Drain valve, etc. 

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